Structural Business Statistics

Structural business statistics contain detailed data covering all businesses (non agricultural) broken down by economic activities and size of enterprises.

A large number of variables are provided by annual survey near the enterprises.

The structural business statistics offer to the user’s evolution the economy of a country in short term period, the economic-financial structure of enterprises during a year.

The priorities are defined according to European Regulation for Structural Business Statistics, No. 58/97, 20 December 1996 amended, by Regulation of European Council, No. 295/2008 related to Structural Business Statistics.

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Preliminary Results on Structural Survey of Economic Enterprises, 2023


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The main aim of structural business statistics is to show the structure of the business sector with regard to economic data. Data are presented for the total business sector by economic activities and by size class of enterprises. Statistics comprise all enterprises that produce goods or services for the market in Albania, for all legal forms (there are not included financial, agricultural and fishing activities). Population consists of all enterprises that according to statistical register were active in December of the reference year. Classification of enterprises is done according to Classification of Economic Activities, NACE Rev.2. Data are collected for calendar year. The fiscal year always corresponds to the calendar year. Enterprises are classified on size classes by number of employed (measured as employed on a full-time basis). Enterprises with 1-9 employed are surveyed by sample survey. Enterprises with 10 and more employed are surveyed exhaustively. The data are collected directly from enterprises. For more information related to the methodology used, please refer to the following link:

Structural business statistics are published according to the European Commission regulations:

  • Regulation (EC) No. 1893/2006 for “Implementation of NACE Rev.2 in Structural Business Statistics”;
  • Regulation (EC) No. 295/8 for “Structural Business Statistics”;
  • Regulation (EC) No. 250/2009 for “Definitions used in Structural Business Statistics”.

Results of Structural Business Statistics, 2015 are published for the first time according to NACE Rev.2. For more information, please refer to the following link:

Economic Activities


NVE Rev.2

Economic Activities covered by SBS





Agriculture, hunting and fishing

Mining and quarrying





Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply


Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities




Agriculture, hunting and fishing



Wholesale & retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles


Accommodation and food service activities


Transport and storage


Information and communication


Financial and insurance activities



Real estate activities


Professional, scientific and technical activities


Administrative and support services activities


Public and defense administration; compulsory social security





Human health and social work activities


Art, entertainment and recreation


Other service activities


Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated  goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use



Extraterritorial organizations and bodies


* Other Services (excluding S94)

Statistics on small and medium enterprises situation (SMEs), based on the results of Structural Survey of Enterprise, are published for users.

Based on Law No. 43/2022 “For development of small and medium enterprises” the enterprises are classified as: micro, small and medium enterprises.

  1. MSMEs employ fewer than 250 people and have a turnover or a total annual balance sheet not exceeding ALL 250 million.
  2. Micro-enterprise – comprising of less than 10 employees and a turnover or a total annual balance not exceeding ALL 10 million.
  3. Small enterprise – comprising of less than 50 employees and a turnover or a total annual balance not exceeding ALL 50 million.
  4. Medium enterprise – comprising of 50 – 249 employees and a turnover or a total annual balance from ALL 50 million – 250 million.

For statistical purposes, in this publication, the classification of enterprises by size is done according to the number of employed, as follows:

  1. micro enterprises: enterprises with 1 to 9 employed.
  2. small enterprises: enterprises with 10 to 49 employed.
  3. medium enterprises: enterprises with 50 to 249 employed

Definitions of basic variables

An enterprise is the smallest combination of legal units that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision - making, especially for the allocation of its current resources. An enterprise carries out one or more activities.

Turnover comprises the totals amount invoiced by the observation unit during the reference period, and this corresponds to market sales of goods or services supplied to third parties.

Employed is defined as the total number of persons who work in the observation unit including proprietors, employees and unpaid family workers.

Investments during the reference period includes the goods, whether bought from third parties or produced for own use, having a useful life of more than one year including non-produced tangible goods such as land.


Macroeconomic indicators

The production is an activity exercised under the control and responsibility of an institutional unit (enterprise), which combines the sources of labor forces, capital and raw materials to produce goods and perform services.


Intermediate consumption represents the value of products or services transformed or totally consumed during the production process. The uses of fixed assets in work are not taken in consideration.


Value added at basic prices is calculated as difference between production value and intermediate consumption.