Lifelong Learning

The "Adult Education" survey includes participation in education (official, inofficial and informal) and training. The reference period for participation in education and training is twelve months before the moment of the interview. The study focuses on people aged 25-64 living in households.

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Adult Education Survey

INSTAT publishes for the first time the main results of the Adult Education Survey 2017, which refers to the population 25-64 years old. Adult Education Survey was conducted during May-June 2017. Reference period was 12 last months from moment of interview.  The survey was done through paper questionnaire and well trained enumerators. The main objective of this survey is studying main activities of lifelong learning. The survey provides information on characteristics of the trainings, participation obstacles, access to information on education and training possibilities, language skills, cultural events, etc.

Sample design

A gross sample of 5,280 households, with at least one person within the target age-group, will be selected for this survey.  Selection of households for this survey will be carried out from a sampling frame of households derived from the last Population and Housing Census in 2011, and maintained by INSTAT for sampling purposes.

Albania is divided administratively into 12 prefectures and 36 districts.  For sampling purposes, AL usually adopts a two-stage sampling design whereby the primary sampling units (PSU’s) selected at the first stage are the Enumeration Areas (EA’s) while the secondary sampling units are the households.  EA’s are small operational areas defined on maps use in the 2011 Census enumeration.  Albania has a total of 11,895 EA’s.

One person aged 25 – 64 years, is to be selected randomly by the interviewers, from each of the selected households, using the same method as proposed in the pilot survey.

A two-stage sampling design is being proposed for this survey, whereby 440 EA’s (or PSU’s) will be selected using stratified random sampling for the first stage, as shown in Table 4.  The EA’s will be randomly selected from each of these 24 Strata (12 prefectures, further split by degree of urbanisation:  urban/rural) using systematic sampling from a geographic-ordered list, to guarantee representation of areas inside the Prefectures. The number of PSU’s selected in each stratum is initially calculated such that the number of households selected per stratum (second stage) remains proportional to size.

Collective households are being excluded from the sampling frame, as they fall outside the scope of AES. In line with Eurostat recommendations the households that are not responding are not allowed to be substituted.


Formal education is defined as “Education that is institutionalized, intentional and planned through public organizations and recognized private bodies and – in their totality – constitute the formal education system of a country. Formal education programmers are thus recognized as such by the relevant national education authorities or equivalent authorities, e.g. any other institution in cooperation with the national or sub-national education authorities. Formal education consists mostly in initial education. Vocational education, special needs education and some parts of adult education are often recognized as being part of the formal education system.”

Non-formal Education is defined as participation in any of the following activities: a) Courses b) Workshops and Seminars c) Guided on the job training d) Private lessons. Technical issues taught learning activities which were planned in advance are targeted here. If the person delivering lessons has as main activity delivering private lessons and has a professional teacher-to-student relationship in this context to the learner then it is non-formal education and training. If the provider/tutor is assisting the learner in the framework of a social relationship then that should be considered as informal learning. Guided-on-the-job training is training which is planned in advance with a designated teacher/instructor (therefore different from informal learning from colleagues which is not considered as guided-on-the-job). Private lessons can even be “formal education” in the case where the national educational system recognizes home schooling, as the pupil would participate in institutionalized learning designed to lead to a formal qualification. In this case they should be reported in the module FED.

Informal learning is always intentional, but is less organized and less structured than formal and non-formal education and training (it is not institutionalized). It may include for instance learning events (activities) that occur in the family, in the work place, and in the daily life of every person, on a self-directed, family-directed or socially-directed basis.

ISCED 2011 classification, which is composed by the following levels according to educational programs:

Level 0 - Early childhood education - Early childhood / Pre-primary education;
Level 1 - Primary education or first cycle of basic education;
Level 2 - Lower Secondary Education or second cycle of basic education;
Level 3 - Upper Secondary Education - Gymnasium / Professional;
Level 4 - Post-secondary but not tertiary;
Level 5 - Higher Education Short Circuit;
Level 6 - Bachelor or equivalent;
Level 7 - Master or equivalent;
Level 8 - PHD or equivalent;

Educational level:

Low education (ISCED 0-2)

Secondary education (ISCED 3-4)

Higher education (ISCED 5-8)