Gender equality

Gender statistics are a field of statistics that aim to reflect the differences or inequalities of the situation of men and women in all areas of life. Data under this field aim to show the situation of men and women in fields like population, employment, social inclusion, health and decision making.

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Women and Men in Albania 2023


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Gender inequality aspects are a key dimension for all fields of statistics at the individual level. The main data sources on gender statistics are: Social Surveys and Administrative Resources. Social surveys have their own methodology in order to collect disaggregated data by sex and age. Also, the sources of administrative data, based on the memorandums of understandings with INSTAT, are oriented towards the collection of disaggregated data by sex.


Gender equality describes the concept that all human beings, both women and men, are free to develop their personal abilities and make choices without the limitations set by stereotypes, rigid gender roles, or prejudices. Gender equality means that the different behaviors, aspirations and needs of women and men are considered, valued and favored equally. It does not mean that women and men have to become the same, but that their rights, responsibilities and opportunities will not depend on whether they are born female or male.

Gender inequality index: GII show the loss in potential human development due to inequality between females and males. This index is based on three dimensions: reproductive health, empowerment and labor market. GII ranges between 0 and 1. Higher GII values indicate higher inequalities and thus higher loss to human development.