Average monthly wage - in public sector is the gross wage of an employee in
the public sector for the work performed. This is constituted by the following
- Basic wage for job performed
- Additional payment for managerial duties
- Additional payment for years at work
- Additional payment for difficult working conditions
- Other regular additional payments
Social security contributions and taxation on income are not deducted from
the average monthly wage.
Real growth of wage - is the ratio of annual percentage change of wages
over the annual percentage change of price index during the reference period.
Minimum wage - is the lower wage paid out for an employee approved
by the Government.
Structural survey of economic enterprises
The data on wages by economic activities are estimated by the Structural Survey
of Economic Enterprises.
The observation units are active non - agricultural enterprises in Albania of
all legal forms (are excluded financial activities, education, health and culture).
The classification of enterprises is based on the Nomenclature of Economic
Activities, NACE Rev 1.1. Population consists of all enterprises which according
to statistical register were active in December of the reference year.
Enterprises with 1-9 employed are surveyed by sample survey.
Enterprises with 10 and more employed are surveyed exhaustively.
Wages and salaries - include direct remuneration, bonuses and allowances
wages and salaries paid to employees (in cash or in nature valuated in value)
for the work done during the reference period.
Average monthly wage for an employee - is the ratio of wages and salaries
with the number of employees.
Labour Cost Survey
The information on the structure of labour costs is collected through Labour Costs
Survey which was conducted for the first time in 2013. The data collected are
detailed by economic activity and by size of enterprises. This survey is conducted
once in four years.
The sample frame used for the 2013 LCS is Statistical Register of Enterprises.
The coverage of the labour cost survey are enterprises with ten or more
employees that were active at the end of 2012, according to all economic
activities except agricultural activities and activities of households as employers,
goods production activities of fixed services to use their families as well as the
activities of international organizations and bodies .
The reference year for the Labour Cost Survey 2013 is financial year 2012.
The sample size for the 2013 Labour Cost Survey was 2,383 enterprises.
Prior the full scale labour cost survey of 2013, a pilot one has been conducted
in 2012 in 263 enterprises.
Wages and labour costs
The main purpose of collecting information on wages is to
monitor the level, distribution and change of wages and salaries
over one year. These statistics offer the possibility of comparing
wages and salaries in different sectors of economy and of different
occupation-groups. The real growth of wages and salaries, and the
gender pay gap, play an important role to monitor the economic
indicators used by policy-makers, employers and unions to assess
the conditions of labour demand and labour supply.
Data on wages and salariesare being provided from two main
sources: administrative data and enterprise based surveys.
Wages and salaries based on administrative sourcesin Albania
refer to the official minimum wage and average gross monthly wage
for an employee in the public sector. Data on average monthly wages
in public sector are collected by INSTAT with quarterly basis.
These data provide detailed information for each group of
occupations according to the International Standard Classification
of Occupations (ISCO-08). Every end of year, the average monthly
wage in public sector is detailed for each economic activity based
on the Nomenclature of Economic Activities (NACE).
Wages and salaries are based on the Structural Survey of
Enterprisesrepresent average gross salary for an employee by
economic activities covered by this survey (Industry, Transport and
Telecommunication, Trade and some sectors of Services).
Data on labour costsare collected through Labour Costs Survey.
The main objective of the survey is to measure the level and
structure of labour costs, or total costs for employers paid for
Besides wage components such as direct remuneration, bonuses and
allowances, payments to employees' saving schemes, payments for
days not worked, as well as wages and salaries in kind, these
include social security contributions paid by the employer
(statutory, under collective agreements, contractual or voluntary),
together with employers' 'imputed' social contributions (e.g.
guaranteed remuneration in the event of sickness or payments to
employees leaving the business). Costs of vocational training and
taxes and subsidies relating to the employment of staff are also
recorded. At the same time, the survey also asks about the number
of full-time jobs and the number of hours worked and paid.