INSTAT in collaboration with other countries in the region carried out the survey on "Innovation in Small and Medium Enterprises”. This survey was conducted in the frame of "SME Innovation Capacity Boost” Transnational Cooperation Programme Interreg V-B "Balkan-Mediterranean 2014-2020" project, financed by: Balkan–Mediterranean Programme funded by EU (ERDF & IPA).
The objective of the project is to boost transnational innovation capacity of SMEs and support them to make sustainable network formations, including innovation clusters with other SMEs from Balkan-Mediterranean region in order to share know how and develop innovations, through bringing together triple helix partners and equipping SMEs with relevant data, tools and systems.
The object of this survey are the enterprises that have conducted economic activity during the three years for which the survey is conducted, the years preceding the current calendar year (in 2018 is obtained information on innovative activity or not, conducted during 2016, 2017, 2018).
Expected outputs of the project
The purpose of the survey is to collect information on current innovation capacity of the SMEs.
The results of the survey are:
- Reduction of the innovations gap by suggesting transnational cluster formations.
- Boost SME competitiveness by increasing knowledge and understanding of current innovation capacity and strengthening SME capacity by providing the necessary toolkit and strategies.
- Improve the international capacity of innovation.
- Increase knowledge and understanding within SMEs regarding their innovation capacity.
- Enable know-how sharing and networking by suggesting transnational cluster formations.
- Support policy makers in fact-based decision-making in the area of innovations by providing statistical data for benchmarking on transnational, national, sectorial and SME level.
The observation units are enterprises with 0 to 249 employed, that have been active in December of the reference year according to Statistical Business Register.
The survey covers units in the Statistical Business Register performing activities by NACE classification (NACE Rev. 2) at the 2-digit level as follows:
C 26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products
J 61 Telecommunications
J 62 Computer programming, consultancy and related activities
J 63 Information service activities
The enterprises in the above activities are divided by three size classes based on number of employed: Micro enterprises: 0-9 employed, Small enterprises: 10-49 employed, Medium enterprises: 50-249 employed.
Methods of data collection
Data are collected using CAPI method with face to face interviews using tablets.
The reference period
In December 2018 was conducted the field survey and the reference period was for the years 2016, 2017 and 2018.
The main indicators that INSTAT publishes are:
- Innovative Enterprises in Albania
- Enterprise Groups
- Geographic markets
- Innovation developers
- Public financial support for innovation activities
- Cooperation for innovation activities
- Hampering factors of innovation
An innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service), or process, a new marketing method, or a new organisational method in business practices, workplace organisation or external relations.
A product innovation is the introduction of a good or service that is new or significantly improved with respect to its characteristics or intended uses. This includes significant improvements in technical specifications, components and materials, incorporated software, user friendliness or other functional characteristics.
A process innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved production or delivery method. This includes significant changes in techniques, equipment and/or software.
An organisational innovation is the implementation of a new organisational method in the firm’s business practices, workplace organisation or external relations.
A marketing innovation is the implementation of a new marketing method involving significant changes in product design or packaging, product placement, product promotion or pricing.
Innovation activities include all developmental, financial and commercial activities undertaken by a firm that are intended to result in an innovation for the firm.