# Population

## Figures

## Calendar

Date | Theme | Subject | Period |
---|---|---|---|

20/05/2016 | Population | Women and Men in Albania | 2016 |

# Births and Deaths

## Introduction

Based on the statistical data on births it is obvious that their number has decreased. The reasons of this decrease can be many, but below we mention three of them:

- High emigration of the population in fertile ages;
- Increase of the mean age of marriage for men and women alike;
- The use of contraceptive methods

As for the statistical data of deaths we can notice that during the last decade their number has remained relatively stable. Males dominate the number of deaths with 52.2% of total. In Albania females live longer than males.

Life expectancy in Albania in 2014 was 80.3 years for women and 76.4 for males.

# Marriages and Divorces

## Introduction

The number of marriages during the last decade has fluctuated slightly. The impact of these changes has not been significant on the dynamics of marriages. After 2001 the number increased slightly in the two subsequent years, followed by a small decrease until 2009 and then it shows an increasing trend. The shift toward older age at marriage is confirmed by calculations of marriage-age means. The information based on vital statistics, for mean age at marriage similarly shows a modest rise from 27.7 in 2007 to 29.5 in 2014 for men and from 22.4 to 24 for women. This rise in the mean age at marriage is more evident for men than for women.

Statistical data for divorces are provided by the Ministry of Justice. INSTAT publishes figures only for solved cases (with a court decision), because those indicate the real number of divorces in a given year. The absolute number of divorces in Albania has increased to 4.2 thousand in 2014, compared to around 2.5 thousand in 2001. These absolute numbers are not related to the population at risk for divorce and, therefore, principally do not reveal anything about the probability of divorce. However, the magnitude of the increase suggests that larger shares of the population end their marriage by divorce.

INSTAT computes several indicators to clearly describe the situation of divorces in the country, but an indicator that gives a clear view is the divorce coefficient which is calculated as the ratio of the number of divorces in a year to the number of marriages in that year expressed in percent. If we consider the trends of this coefficient we can see a slight increase in the period 2001 - 2014 (from 9.6 divorces per 100 marriages in 2001 to 17.8 in 2014), but it still remains at very low levels.

# Population

## Introduction

As we can see from the data, the population has decreased very slowly. The main components that have an impact in the population change are: relatively high emigration and the continuous decrease of the number of births.

The number of birth decreased from 82 thousand in 1990 to about 35 thousand in 2014, a decrease of about 57%. From 1960 the total fertility rate has decreased continuously. In 1960 TFR was high with about 5 children per woman of reproductive age, while in 2014 TFR was 1.78. This indicator is very meaningful as it is linked with the population reproduction. According to the population projections based on the 2011 population and housing census, TFR will continue to decrease very slowly in the future, which indicates the continuous ageing of the population. The mean age of the population has increased from 30.6 in 2001 to 36.6 in 2014.

Another component which has a significant impact on the population number is emigration. Based on indirect methods, an estimated number of Albanian emigrants during the inter-censual period was computed, which resulted 480,000 Albanians who left the country. The population projection for 2011-2031 period, foresee an increase of the net migration even though it will remain negative during the whole period.

## Data sources

Data sent from General Directory of Civil Status

Population and Housing Census 2001 and 2011

Population projection 2011-2031