Births and Deaths
Based on the statistical data on births it is
obvious that their number has decreased. The reasons of this
decrease can be many, but below we mention three of them:
- High emigration of the population in fertile ages;
- Increase of the mean age of marriage for men and women
- The use of contraceptive methods
As for the statistical data of deaths
we can notice that during the last decade their number has remained
relatively stable. Males dominate the number of deaths with 53.7%
of total. In Albania females live longer than males.
Life expectancy in Albania in 2013 was 80.3
years for women and 76.1 for males.
Marriages and Divorces
The number of marriages during the last
decade has fluctuated slightly. The impact of these changes has not
been significant on the dynamics of marriages. After 2001 the
number increased slightly in the two subsequent years, followed by
a small decrease until 2009 and then it shows an increasing trend.
The shift toward older age at marriage is confirmed by calculations
of marriage-age means. The information based on vital statistics,
for mean age at marriage similarly shows a modest rise from 27.7 in
2007 to 30.5 in 2013 for men and from 22.4 to 24.9 for women. This
rise in the mean age at marriage is more evident for men than for
Statistical data for divorces are provided by
the Ministry of Justice. INSTAT publishes figures only for solved
cases (with a court decision), because those indicate the real
number of divorces in a given year. The absolute number of divorces
in Albania has increased to 3.6 thousand in 2012, compared to
around 2.5 thousand in 2001. These absolute numbers are not related
to the population at risk for divorce and, therefore, principally
do not reveal anything about the probability of divorce. However,
the magnitude of the increase suggests that larger shares of the
population end their marriage by divorce.
INSTAT computes several indicators to clearly
describe the situation of divorces in the country, but an indicator
that gives a clear view is the divorce coefficient which is
calculated as the ratio of the number of divorces in a year to the
number of marriages in that year expressed in percent. If we
consider the trends of this coefficient we can see a slight
increase in the period 2001 - 2012 (from 9.6 divorces per 100
marriages in 2001 to 15.6 in 2012), but it still remains at very
As we can see from the data, the population
has decreased very slowly. The main components that have an impact
in the population change are: relatively high emigration and the
continuous decrease of the number of births.
The number of birth decreased from 82
thousand in 1990 to about 35 thousand in 2013, a decrease of about
57%. From 1960 the total fertility rate has decreased continuously.
In 1960 TFR was high with about 5 children per woman of
reproductive age, while in 2013 TFR was 1.76. This indicator is
very meaningful as it is linked with the population reproduction.
According to the population projections based on the 2011
population and housing census, TFR will continue to decrease very
slowly in the future, which indicates the continuous ageing of the
population. The mean age of the population has increased from 30.6
in 2001 to 35.3 in 2011. Anyway the population of Albania remains a
relatively young population.
Another component which has a significant
impact on the population number is emigration. Based on indirect
methods, an estimated number of Albanian emigrants during the
inter-censual period was computed, which resulted 480,000 Albanians
who left the country. The population projection for 2011-2031
period, foresee an increase of the net migration even though it
will remain negative during the whole period.
Data sent from General Directory of Civil
Population and Housing Census 2001 and
Population projection 2011-2031