Labour Market



12/09/2017Labour MarketLabour Force SurveyQ2 - 2017
12/12/2017Labour MarketLabour Force SurveyQ3 - 2017


Labour Force Survey

The Quarterly Labour Force Survey is a household based survey. All individuals aged 15 years and over in the selected household are subject of labour force survey.

The sample is based in a two-stage sampling procedure. In the first stage are selected the geographical areas with a proportional probability to the size of the enumeration area. In the second stage within each of the geographical areas (once selected in the first stage) are selected a fix number of 8 households by equal probability systematic sampling method.

For the QLFS is used a rotational sampling design, whereby a household once initially selected for interview, is retained in the sample for a total of five consecutive quarters. The same household is scheduled to be interviewed, exactly after 13 weeks apart, so that the fifth interview takes place one year on after the first. According to the rotational sampling design, each quarter one fifth of the selected households are new and 80 percent of them are in common. So, in each quarter, in the selected sample, 1008 new households are added and the same number of households that has been interviewed for five consecutive quarters is dropped out from the sample. Data collection in the fieldwork is spread during all months of the year. The gathered data refers to a specific reference period named reference week. The reference week is the calendar week which starts on Monday and finishes on Sunday before the interview date. 

The sample size for QLFS is 5040 households for each calendar quarter.

Employed are considered all the persons who have worked even for one hour with a respective salary or profit during the reference week.

As employed are considered also all persons who were receiving a salary or wage while they were in training during their work.

Employed are also considered persons temporarily not at work during the reference week for some reasons: (1) maternity leave, illness, injury or temporary disability and expect to return to work, education / training directly related to the actual work; (2) salaried employees absent from work for some reasons other than the above that (a) lack of the duration is three months or less, and the person is not a seasonal worker or (b) the person takes 50% or more salary; (3) the self-employed who intend to return to the business / farm / or professional practice; (4) workers not being paid who expect to return to work in three months or less.

People who work on their small farm, who do not sell their products, but produce only for self-consumption, are considered as employed.

Unemployed comprise persons who during the reference week were:

a) Without work, i.e. neither had a job nor were at work (for one hour or more) in paid employment or self-employment;

b) Currently available for work, (were available before the end of the two weeks following the reference week;

c) Actively seeking work, (had taken specific steps in the four week period ending with the reference week to seek paid employment or self-employment) or who found a job to start later, (within a period of at most three months).

The following are considered as specific steps:

  • Having been in contact with a public employment office to find work;
  • Having been in contact with a private employment agency to find work;
  • Applying to employers directly;
  • Asking friends, relatives, unions, etc., to find work;
  • Placing or answering job advertisements;
  • Studying job advertisements;
  • Taking a recruitment test or examination or being interviewed;
  • Looking for land, premises or equipment;
  • Applying for permits, licences or financial resources.


Working age population is the population between 15-64 years old.

Labour Force includes employed and unemployed persons.

Non-economically active population comprises all persons who are not classified as employed or unemployed (pupils/students, housekeepers, in a compulsory military service, retired, disabled, discouraged unemployed).

The employment rate is the proportion of employed 15-64 years compared to the working age population.

The unemployment rate is the ratio of the unemployed to the labour force.

Labour force participation rate is the proportion of the labour force compared to the working age population.

Methodology of administrative data

The administrative data on employment and unemployment in Albania are collected based on the Official Statistical Programme and are published on quarterly and yearly basis.

Employment figures in public sector are based on the information gathered from INSTAT in accordance with the 2012-2016 Official Statistical Programme. Public sector employment is compounded by central government, local government and public enterprises.

The source of information for the non-agricultural private employment is the National Employment Service which collects the data from the employment offices and from the General Directorate of Taxation.

In Albania there is not any administrative source for the agricultural private sector employment. For this reason, the main sources for measuring agricultural employment in this sector are the household based surveys. Starting from 2007 employment in agriculture sector is estimated based on the labour force surveys.

Employed are considered all persons at working age, who have a work as employees or as self-employed, and are declared in the General Directorate of Taxation.

The registered unemployment data are based on the information obtained by Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth. The registration of unemployed in the employment offices is done based on the council of Ministers Decision No.70, of date 11.02.1999 "For the identification of unemployed jobseekers".

According to this law, "jobseeker" is any person without work, available to work, who comes across periodically to the pertinent employment office. Such as are considered all persons who are in work arrangements or self-employed, but are looking for another job. The jobseeker is a person who:  

a)     lives in Albania

b)    is over 16 years old

c)     comes across the Employment Office in persona to find a job

d)    is capable to work



Labour market statistics provide structural descriptions of the labour market based on quarterly administrative information, and from 2012 on quarterly LFS estimates. The main purpose of producing labour market statistics is to obtain comprehensive information on the labour market and its dynamics, and to provide the decision-makers relevant statistics to compile well-oriented labour market policies.

Employment and unemployment data published by INSTAT are based on two separate sources:

1- Administrative sources, which provide data on: (a) number of employed people in enterprises which declare taxes in the General Directorate of Taxation; (b) data on employment in public sector and (c) data on registered unemployment. The time series of administrative data are published by INSTAT from 1990. These data have been published on quarterly and yearly basis.

2- Labour force survey (LFS) which is a household based survey and provides comprehensive information on the labour market situation. The main objective of LFS is to set up a sustainable statistical system of labour market indicators according to EUROSTAT standards aimed to obtain (a) quantitative and dynamic assessment of the labour market developments; (b) improvement of employment and unemployment statistics; (c) improvement of the estimations of informal economy as part of the non-observed economy.

Labour Force Survey was conducted for the first time in 2007. During 2007-2011 LFS has been carried out by INSTAT on annual basis. In 2012 the LFS was designed to obtain quarterly estimates on employment and unemployment at national level. Starting from the first quarter of 2013, INSTAT is publishing quarterly labour market indicators based on the labour force survey data.