Labour Force Survey
The Quarterly Labour Force Survey is a
household based survey. All individuals aged 15 years and over in
the selected household are subject of labour force survey.
The sample is based in a two-stage sampling
procedure. In the first stage are selected the geographical areas
with a proportional probability to the size of the enumeration
area. In the second stage within each of the geographical areas
(once selected in the first stage) are selected a fix number of 8
households by equal probability systematic sampling method.
For the QLFS is used a rotational sampling
design, whereby a household once initially selected for interview,
is retained in the sample for a total of five consecutive quarters.
The same household is scheduled to be interviewed, exactly after 13
weeks apart, so that the fifth interview takes place one year on
after the first. According to the rotational sampling design, each
quarter one fifth of the selected households are new and 80 percent
of them are in common. So, in each quarter, in the selected sample,
1008 new households are added and the same number of households
that has been interviewed for five consecutive quarters is dropped
out from the sample. Data collection in the fieldwork is spread
during all months of the year. The gathered data refers to a
specific reference period named reference week. The reference week
is the calendar week which starts on Monday and finishes on Sunday
before the interview date.
The sample size for QLFS is 5040 households
for each calendar quarter.
Employed are considered all the persons who
have worked even for one hour with a respective salary or profit
during the reference week.
As employed are considered also all persons
who were receiving a salary or wage while they were in training
during their work.
Employed are also considered persons
temporarily not at work during the reference week for some reasons:
(1) maternity leave, illness, injury or temporary disability and
expect to return to work, education / training directly related to
the actual work; (2) salaried employees absent from work for some
reasons other than the above that (a) lack of the duration is three
months or less, and the person is not a seasonal worker or (b) the
person takes 50% or more salary; (3) the self-employed who intend
to return to the business / farm / or professional practice; (4)
workers not being paid who expect to return to work in three months
People who work on their small farm, who do
not sell their products, but produce only for self-consumption, are
considered as employed.
Unemployed comprise persons who during the
reference week were:
a) Without work, i.e. neither had a job nor
were at work (for one hour or more) in paid employment or
b) Currently available for work, (were
available before the end of the two weeks following the reference
c) Actively seeking work, (had taken specific
steps in the four week period ending with the reference week to
seek paid employment or self-employment) or who found a job to
start later, (within a period of at most three months).
The following are considered as specific
- Having been in contact with a public employment office to find
- Having been in contact with a private employment agency to find
- Applying to employers directly;
- Asking friends, relatives, unions, etc., to find work;
- Placing or answering job advertisements;
- Studying job advertisements;
- Taking a recruitment test or examination or being
- Looking for land, premises or equipment;
- Applying for permits, licences or financial resources.
Working age population is the population
between 15-64 years old.
Labour Force includes employed and unemployed
Non-economically active population comprises
all persons who are not classified as employed or unemployed
(pupils/students, housekeepers, in a compulsory military service,
retired, disabled, discouraged unemployed).
The employment rate is the proportion of
employed 15-64 years compared to the working age population.
The unemployment rate is the ratio of the
unemployed to the labour force.
Labour force participation rate is the
proportion of the labour force compared to the working age
Methodology of administrative
The administrative data on employment and
unemployment in Albania are collected based on the Official
Statistical Programme and are published on quarterly and yearly
Employment figures in public sector are based
on the information gathered from INSTAT in accordance with the
2012-2016 Official Statistical Programme. Public sector employment
is compounded by central government, local government and public
The source of information for the
non-agricultural private employment is the National Employment
Service which collects the data from the employment offices and
from the General Directorate of Taxation.
In Albania there is not any administrative
source for the agricultural private sector employment. For this
reason, the main sources for measuring agricultural employment in
this sector are the household based surveys. Starting from 2007
employment in agriculture sector is estimated based on the labour
Employed are considered all persons at
working age, who have a work as employees or as self-employed, and
are declared in the General Directorate of Taxation.
The registered unemployment data are based on
the information obtained by Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth.
The registration of unemployed in the employment offices is done
based on the council of Ministers Decision No.70, of date
11.02.1999 "For the identification of unemployed jobseekers".
According to this law, "jobseeker" is any
person without work, available to work, who comes across
periodically to the pertinent employment office. Such as are
considered all persons who are in work arrangements or
self-employed, but are looking for another job. The jobseeker is a
a) lives in
b) is over 16 years old
c) comes across the
Employment Office in persona to find a job
d) is capable to work
Labour market statistics provide structural
descriptions of the labour market based on quarterly administrative
information, and from 2012 on quarterly LFS estimates. The main
purpose of producing labour market statistics is to obtain
comprehensive information on the labour market and its dynamics,
and to provide the decision-makers relevant statistics to compile
well-oriented labour market policies.
Employment and unemployment data published by
INSTAT are based on two separate sources:
1- Administrative sources, which provide data
on: (a) number of employed people in enterprises which declare
taxes in the General Directorate of Taxation; (b) data on
employment in public sector and (c) data on registered
unemployment. The time series of administrative data are published
by INSTAT from 1990. These data have been published on quarterly
and yearly basis.
2- Labour force survey (LFS) which is a
household based survey and provides comprehensive information on
the labour market situation. The main objective of LFS is to set up
a sustainable statistical system of labour market indicators
according to EUROSTAT standards aimed to obtain (a) quantitative
and dynamic assessment of the labour market developments; (b)
improvement of employment and unemployment statistics; (c)
improvement of the estimations of informal economy as part of the
Labour Force Survey was conducted for the
first time in 2007. During 2007-2011 LFS has been carried out by
INSTAT on annual basis. In 2012 the LFS was designed to obtain
quarterly estimates on employment and unemployment at national
level. Starting from the first quarter of 2013, INSTAT is
publishing quarterly labour market indicators based on the labour
force survey data.