The Customs General Directorate is the main
source for collection of data related to foreign trade. These data
are collected monthly through the Custom's Declaration, which was
introduced in Albania since 1992. This declaration serves for both
customs and statistical purposes. It includes data related to time
of transactions, kind of transaction, sort of goods, gross weight,
net weight, statistical value of goods, country of origin,
exporting country, destination, kind of concession, etc.
The complex characteristics of the customs
activities and statistical needs make it indispensable to introduce
the classification of goods.
The complex characteristics of the customs activities and
statistical needs make it indispensable to introduce the
classification of goods.
The nomenclatures used are: the Harmonized Commodity Description
and Coding System (HS) and Standard International Trade
The Harmonized Commodity Description and coding System (Harmonized
System, or HS) or extended versions based on HS, such as the
Combined Nomenclature used by our country provide such details.
Classification using these nomenclatures is based on the nature of
Commodity categories more suitable for
economic analysis are provided by the Standard International Trade
Classification (SITC), which classifies commodities according to
their stage of production.
Foreign trade statistics record all goods, which are added or
subtracted from the material stock resources of a country by
imports or exports entering or leaving a territory of a
Goods to be includes in the foreign trade statistics include
non-monetary gold, not-emitted "barter" agreements, goods
traded on government account and food and other humanitarian
Goods simply being transported through a country (transit goods)
temporarily admitted or withdrawn (inward or outward processed
goods) do not add or subtract from the stock of material resources
of a country and are not included in the foreign trade statistics.
Goods to be excluded from the international merchandise trade
statistics include monetary gold, emitted banknotes securities and
coins in circulation, temporarily admitted goods, transit goods,
Goods recommended to be excluded from the detailed international
merchandise trade statistics but recorded separately so that
detailed information can be adjusted to receive the total of
international merchandise trade of national accounts, as well as
payment and balance purposes.
The trade systems in use for international
merchandise trade are the general trade system and the special
The general trade system
The general trade system is the wider concept
and under it the recorded aggregates include all goods entering or
leaving the economic territory of a country with the exception of
simple transit trade.
The special trade system
The special trade system, on the other hand, is a narrower
concept. Goods from a foreign country that are received into
customs warehouses, are not recorded in the special trade
aggregates unless they subsequently go into free circulation in the
country of receipt (or are placed under the customs procedures for
inward processing). Similarly, outgoing goods from customs
warehouses are not recorded as exports.
The FOB value
Used for evaluation of exports includes the value of transaction
of goods, as well as the value of services required for delivery to
the border of the exporting country.
The CIF Value
Used for evaluation of imports includes transaction value of
goods, value of services performed for delivery of goods to border
of exporting country as well as the value of service to perform
delivery of goods from the border of the exporting country to that
of the importing one.
Goods in general are goods destined to be send to a third
country subject to customs regime or outside processing
arrangements, or re-exported following inside processing.
Goods in general are goods coming from a third country and are
directly unloaded or placed to a warehouse according to the customs
procedures to accomplish free zones processing, active or customs
Is the ratio between the exports value against imports
Is the difference between exports and imports.
Is the sum of imports and exports.
FOB (Free on Board) Value
Is the delivery condition of goods, indicating that the price
includes transport and handling cost to a specified port for
CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) Value
Is the delivery condition of goods indicating that the price
includes insurance and freight to an agreed port of
Economic Territory of the country
Is that part of the territory of a country where customs law
provisions and regulation are fully applied. (usually the
economic territory of the country corresponds to customs
Customs territory of our country corresponds to statistical
territory of Albania.