Education

Methodology

 

Methodological basis in education in our country is "National Program of Education". The national education program includes all systematic activities and predefined aiming at fulfilling the need for education. It includes a variety of programs and types of education compiled basing itself in national tradition. The National Educational Program does not include casual education occurring as a consequence of an event like meetings, seminars etc. Part of the National Educational Program is also the statistical indices system compiled based on the requests of the educational process, direction and management of schools and state administration, firstly of Ministry of Education and INSTAT. Statistical indices system includes working sheets representing most important quantity school indices, periodically collected on the basis of a defined methodology based on the long national experience and concepts and international definitions, being thus part of the educational and decision - making policy. Since 1997, following UNESCO recommendations on classification of schools and fields of study defined by "ISCED -97", International classification, Educational Standards 1997, the schools in Albania are subdivided as follows:

 

  • 0 Level  Pre-elementary school
  • 1st Level Lower level of 9-year school
  • 2nd Level Higher level of 9-year school
  • 3rd Level High school education
  • 4th Level Post high school education but not university
  • 5th Level University and non-university education
  • 6th Level Post university education, BD, PHD etc

 

Pre-primary is level of education for children of age 3,4 and 5 years old with non-compulsory attendance. Basic education is obligatory for pupils organized in two level 5 years in primary level and 4 other in the lower secondary  since year 2004-2005. The upper  secondary education includes general,professional and non-professional high schools of 3, 4 and 5. The post-secondary educational level is not aplicable until now. Tertiary education level includes 10 universities .Fields of study and training in education according to the classification of ISCED -97 are divided in 9 wide fields, 25 limited fields, 80 detailed ones. Secondary and university education is mainly organized in the full-time education and less in part-time education.

 

Definitions

 

Public education (formal, official) is the one implemented in a system of schools, colleges, institutions and universities, which usually make a continuation of full-time education generally starting at 5, 6 or 7 years old. In some countries, the upper level of this education is composed by programs partly organized in work and partly in school and university.
Nonpublic education (informal, private) is an education not exactly corresponding the definition for formal, official education. It can be attended within or outside the educational institution and is spread for all ages.  Course (regular school system) is a specific series of experiments learned at a special explanation of issues, or offered abilities from a sponsoring agency and received by one or more students.
Gross Enrolment Ratio is used to show the general level of participation in a given level of education and is enrolment at a given level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population in the theoretical school-age group corresponding to this level of education. Credits present a new system of evaluating the educational load/ hour that a student should   fulfill while accomplishing his tasks for each theme, thus the work of a student in home, classes, library, laboratory, exams and other activities per hour. The quality of absorbed by the student is equal to a grade and the quantity of the level is defined by credits. This system allows the student to obtain trainings and pursue the studies in different institutions.

 

Education

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