Gender and age equality

Gender statistics are a field of statistics which passes through traditional fields to reflect the differences or inequalities of the situation of men and women in all areas of life. The data collected and disaggregated by gender stereotypes taking into account stereotypes and social and cultural factors that may lead to unequal gender-based treatment.

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Gender and age equality aspects are a key dimension for all fields of statistics at the individual level. The main data sources on gender and age equality are: Social Surveys and Administrative Resources. Social surveys have their own methodology in order to collect disaggregated data by sex and age. Also, the sources of administrative data based on the memorandums of cooperation with INSTAT are oriented towards the collection of disaggregated data by sex and age. To further deepening the survey methodology please refer to the methodology section of the relevant survey.

Gender Pay gap is a indicator in order to present differences in incomes between women and men. These differences are a consequence of different factors starting from different choices in the labor market to the gender discrimination. This indicator in calculated as the difference in the mean wage between women and men. Usually this difference is reported as a percentage of the wage of men.

GPG= ([Mean wage of men-Mean wage of women])/ (Mean wage of men)

The mean wage of men and women used to calculate gender pay gap can be hourly, weekly, monthly or even annual wage. For the calculation of the gender pay gap in Albania, the mean monthly wage of full-time employees for 2016 was used, according to the database from the General Directorate of Taxation.

Gender equality describes the concept that all human beings, both women and men, are free to develop their personal abilities and make choices without the limitations set by stereotypes, rigid gender roles, or prejudices. Gender equality means that the different behaviors, aspirations and needs of women and men are considered, valued and favored equally. It does not mean that women and men have to become the same, but that their rights, responsibilities and opportunities will not depend on whether they are born female or male.

Gender inequality index: GII show the loss in potential human development due to inequality between females and males. This index is based on three dimensions: reproductive health, empowerment and labor market.